Florence, cathedral of
- (1296-1350s)The Cathedral of Florence was begun by Arnolfo di Cambio in 1296. Twice the work was halted, first in 1310 when Arnolfo died, and later in 1348 when the Black Death struck. After contributions by Giotto and later Andrea Pisano, it was Francesco Talenti who in the 1350s brought the building to completion, except for the dome and façade (fin. 19th century). When Talenti took over as Director of the Cathedral Works, he modified Arnolfo's plan to create a more imposing design, one that would outdo the cathedrals of Siena and Pisa, the enemies of Florence. Talenti used four massive square bays to form the nave, with aisle bays that measure half their width, and he designed an octagonal crossing (where the nave and transept cross), echoing its shape in the transept arms and apse. By commingling these octagons with a rectilinear nave, he in essence fused together a central with a Latin cross plan. For the exterior, Talenti chose color marble inlays that harmonize with the Baptistery only a few feet away. In the interior, he supported the Gothic arches of the nave arcade and the four-partite vaults with massive piers that grant a solid appearance. The crossing was to be covered by a large octagonal dome. However, the expanse was so vast (140 feet) that Florentines would have to wait until the 15th century to find an architect with the skills to build it. In 1420-1436, the task fell to Filippo Brunelleschi who, as Giorgio Vasari wrote, traveled to Rome to study and measure ancient structures, which is how he acquired the knowledge needed to build the cathedral dome. Inspired by the ancient prototypes, Brunelleschi devised a double-shelled construction over a skeleton of 24 ribs, only eight of which are visible from the exterior. A lantern allows light to enter the church and stabilizes the structure by preventing the outward tilting of the ribs. The first of its kind, Brunelleschi's design provided the light construction required to prevent the collapse of such a large dome. Now the landmark of Florence, the dome towers over the city and speaks, as it did in the Renaissance, of the civic pride of its citizens.
Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. Lilian H. Zirpolo. 2008.
Look at other dictionaries:
Florence Cathedral — Basilica of Saint Mary of the Flower Basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore (Italian) Basilica Sanctae Mariae Floris (Latin) … Wikipedia
FLORENCE CATHEDRAL, ITALY — The Cathedral of Florence, begun in the late 13th century and completed almost 150 years later, epitomizes Florentine political and economic dominance in Italy during the Renaissance. Begun in 1296 by the architect Arnolfo di Cambio, the… … Historical Dictionary of Architecture
Florence — Firenze and Florentine redirect here. For other uses, see Florentin, Florentine (disambiguation), Florence (disambiguation) or Firenze (disambiguation). Florence Firenze Comune … Wikipedia
Cathedral architecture of Western Europe — A cathedral is a church, usually Roman Catholic, Anglican, or Eastern Orthodox, housing the seat of a bishop. The word cathedral takes its name from the word cathedra , or Bishop s Throne (In Latin: ecclesia cathedralis ). The term is often… … Wikipedia
Cathedral of Florence — See Florence, cathedral of (1296 1350s) … Dictionary of Renaissance art
Florence — • Located in the province of Tuscany (Central Italy) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Florence Florence † … Catholic encyclopedia
Cathedral — • The chief church of a diocese Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Cathedral Cathedral † … Catholic encyclopedia
Florence, Nebraska — Florence is a neighborhood in Omaha, Nebraska on the city s north end and originally one of the oldest cities in Nebraska. It was incorporated by the Nebraska Territorial Legislature on March 10, 1857. The site of Winter Quarters for Mormon… … Wikipedia
Florence — /flawr euhns, flor /, n. 1. Italian, Firenze. a city in central Italy, on the Arno River: capital of the former grand duchy of Tuscany. 464,425. 2. a city in NW Alabama, on the Tennessee River. 37,029. 3. a city in E South Carolina. 30,062. 4. a… … Universalium
Florence Baptistry — The Florence Baptistry or Battistero di San Giovanni (Baptistery of St. John) is a religious building in Florence (Tuscany), Italy, which has the status of a minor basilica. It is one of the oldest buildings in the city, built between 1059 and… … Wikipedia